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30 minutes
  • Constitution
  • Current Events
  • 3-8

  1. Tell your students you’re going to talk about the First Amendment. Ask if they can name and define each of the five freedoms, and give examples of ways they exercise each freedom. Write the five freedoms on the board and make sure your students understand what each one means:
    • Religion – You can believe what you want, belong to any religion or no religion.
    • Speech – You can voice your opinions using words, symbols or actions.
    • Press – The government cannot censor information in newspapers, online news sources, TV news broadcasts, etc.
    • Assembly – You can gather in a group.
    • Petition – You can criticize the government, and you can complain about policies that affect you negatively and ask for change.
  2. Then, ask students if they think any one of these freedoms could exist alone, without the support of the other four. Note that all five freedoms are linked and often intertwine with each other. Possible prompts:
    • Would free speech be a powerful right if we did not also have a free press?
    • How would freedom to petition be different if we didn’t also have freedom of assembly?
  3. Now tell students they will decide which freedom is most important by voting four freedoms “off the island.” In four rounds, students raise their hands to vote for a freedom to eliminate. After each round, select students to explain their reasoning.

Now that only one freedom remains, ask students if they agree that it’s the most important right. Then, discuss how life would be different if we didn’t have the other rights. Possible prompts include:

  • Would people exercising this right have to do anything differently if they didn’t have the other four?
  • Has the remaining right lost its meaning because of the elimination of the other four rights?
  • If you only had freedom of ______, would historic events such as Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech on the National Mall have been possible?
  • How different might our country be if we hadn’t made a list of rights to protect? Do they think we would still have those rights if they weren’t listed in the Constitution?
  • In keeping with the fears of those who opposed a Bill of Rights, are there any rights you think our Founding Fathers forgot to put in the Bill of Rights or the First Amendment?
  • What would you add if you had been writing this document 200 years ago? Is there anything you would add today that they didn’t foresee?

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