Slanted Facts and Slippery Numbers
Students use the E.S.C.A.P.E. acronym to analyze two sources on the gender pay gap, conduct additional research, and form their own conclusions about this complex issue.
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- Current Events
- Tell students that they are going to see techniques authors use to create a persuasive argument, and tools that sharp readers use to evaluate them.
- If desired, review the definitions of the six tools in the poster.
- Have students read “theSkimm’s Guide to Equal Pay.” As a group, summarize the article to ensure students have a basic understanding of the gender pay gap debate.
- Distribute worksheets and have students use E.S.C.A.P.E. to closely analyze two provided arguments about the pay gap.
- As homework, have students write a one-page essay making their own argument for or against the pay gap, citing at least two additional sources (prompt at bottom of worksheet).
- Discuss students’ conclusions using the questions below.
- Slanted Facts and Slippery Numbers worksheet (download), one per student
- Three gender pay gap articles (download), one of each per student:
- E.S.C.A.P.E. Junk News poster (download, optional)
- Internet access (optional)
- Of the two sources you analyzed, which one do you think is more convincing? Why? Which one is more reliable? Why? (Note: Answers to these two questions may or may not be the same; the first is about how persuasive the source is, and the second is about how well-supported it is.)
- What conclusion did you reach on the gender pay gap, and why?
- What did you need to research in order to make your own argument about this issue?
- How confident are you in your conclusion? Explain.
- What other issues are currently in the news that are similarly complex, making it difficult to fully understand the facts and data?
Common Core State Standards: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.1Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.
Common Core State Standards: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.R.8Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.
Common Core State Standards: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.7Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects based on focused questions, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.
Common Core State Standards: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.8Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, assess the credibility and accuracy of each source, and integrate the information while avoiding plagiarism.
Common Core State Standards: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.CCRA.W.9Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
NCSS C3 Framework: D3.1.6-8 and D3.1.9-126 - 8: Gather relevant information from multiple sources while using the origin, authority, structure, context, and corroborative value of the sources to guide the selection. 9 - 12: Gather relevant information from multiple sources representing a wide range of views while using the origin, authority, structure, context, and corroborative value of the sources to guide the selection
NCSS C3 Framework: D4.1.6-8 and D4.1.9-126 - 8: Construct arguments using claims and evidence from multiple sources, while acknowledging the strengths and limitations of the arguments. 9 - 12: Construct arguments using precise and knowledgeable claims, with evidence from multiple sources, while acknowledging counterclaims and evidentiary weaknesses.
ISTE: 3b. Knowledge ConstructorStudents evaluate the accuracy, perspective, credibility and relevance of information, media, data or other resources.
ISTE: 3d. Knowledge ConstructorStudents build knowledge by actively exploring real-world issues and problems.